Mughal Empire (1500s, 1600s)

Only after the arrival of Aibak with fresh reinforcements was the rebellion completely crushed. The Indian commander-in-chief fell on the battlefield, Prithvi Raj was captured in the course of flight, and the Indian army was completely routed.

Iltutmish's government first felt the impact of the gigantic military movement when Jalal-ud-din, the ruler of Khwarizm, whose father had attracted the wrath of Chingiz Khan, crossed the border with 10, men and sought aid from Iltutmish.

BBC - Religions - Islam: Mughal Empire (s, s)

The details of massacre, outrage, spoliation, and destruction wrought by these hateful hordes of barbarians who, in the space of a few years, swept the world from Japan to Germany would … be incredible were they not confirmed from so many different quarters. Tughlaq dynasty. An important development of Iltutmish's reign which had indirect but far-reaching consequences for the new empire was the rise of the [[44]] Mongols under Chingiz and Hulagu, and their "dance of death" in central and western Asia.

His eldest son had died, and his other sons were worthless; his own choice was his able daughter Raziyya, but he knew the Turkish nobles were opposed to the idea of a woman ruler. The Sayyids ruled from about A. Akbar succeeded to the throne at 13, and started to recapture the remaining territory lost from Babur's empire.

Delhi Sultanate

Since their privileges were not curtailed, a loosely knit, decentralized form of administration came into existence. But strangely enough the name of Mongol ruler was not inscribed on the coins and the name of old Tughlaq sultan continued on the currency. By now some of the classics of Muslim political theory, such as the Arabic Ahkam-us-Sultania , the Persian Qabus Namah , and the Siasat Nama had already been written, in addition to similar works that have perished.

Sayyid dynasty Delhi Sultanate establishments in Asia 15th-century establishments in India disestablishments in Asia 15th-century disestablishments in India. In the inevitable confusion that followed the sultan's death, Aibak had himself crowned at Lahore, and although he acknowledged the supremacy of the new ruler at Ghuri, he himself was given the title of sultan, and was virtually independent.

Persian official [1]. The possibility of imposing the viewpoint of the majority Islamic law was never again raised in the form urged by the ulama. The historian Ziya-ud-din Barani — quotes Balban as speaking of two works on statecraft— Adab-us-Salatin and Maasir-us-Salatin —which were brought from Baghdad in Iltutmish's reign.

What and When Were the 5 Delhi Sultanates?

Fighting hundreds of miles away from their homes, they had to fight desperately, as they had no easy means of escape. Religion and Ethics home Interfaith calendar Ethics guides. For the powerful nobles considered her accession [[52]] was unprecedented; her discarding of the veil and her severity swung public opinion against her.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The building is a mausoleum built by Jahan for his wife Mumtaz and it has come to symbolise the love between two people. Muhammad Shah. The great Mughal city of Calcutta came under the control of the east India company in and in the decades that followed Europeans and European - backed by Hindu princes conquered most of the Mughal territory. Before he could decide the question of succession, [[51]] Iltutmish fell seriously ill and the matter was still unsettled when he died.

This did not lead, however, to national consolidation, and a number of principalities grew up in different parts of the subcontinent.